France has a major horse racing industry. Besides Longchamp, France's other premier flat racecourses include Chantilly and Deauville. There is also a smaller but nevertheless important jumps racing sector, with Auteil Racecourse being the best known. The sport's governing body is France Galop. Horse racing in Great Britain is predominantly thoroughbred flat and jumps racing.
It was in Great Britain in the 17th to 19th centuries that many of the sport's rules and regulations were established. The name " Derby " has since become synonymous with great races all over the world, and as such has been borrowed many times in races abroad.
The Grand National is the most prominent race in British culture , watched by many people who do not normally watch or bet on horse racing at other times of the year. The sport is regulated by the British Horseracing Authority. Despite having an ancient tradition with well-documented history, all racetracks in Greece have ceased operation due to the Greek government-debt crisis. Hungary has a long-standing horse racing tradition. The first horse racing in Pest was noted June 6, Foremost of these is Kincsem , foaled in and the most successful Thoroughbred racehorse ever, having won 54 races in 54 starts.
The country also produced Overdose , a horse who won his first 12 races, including group races in Germany and Italy, and finished fourth in the King's Stand Stakes at Royal Ascot. Ireland has a rich history of horse racing; point to pointing originated there, and even today, jump racing is more popular than racing on the flat. As a result, every year Irish horse racing fans travel in huge numbers to the highlight event of the National Hunt calendar, the Cheltenham Festival , and in recent years Irish owned or bred horses have dominated the event.
In recent years, [ when? In the six runnings of the Epsom Derby between and , Irish horses filled 20 of the first 30 placings, winning the race 5 times. Historically, Italy has been one of the leading European horse racing nations, albeit some respects behind Great Britain, Ireland, and France in size and prestige. The late Italian horse breeder Federico Tesio was particularly notable. In recent years, however, the sport in the country has suffered a major funding crisis, culminating in its expulsion from the European Pattern.
In Wassenaar in the Hague there is a grass course at Duindigt. The industry was severely limited during the Communist era, when gambling, the major source of funding, was made illegal. Harness racing also known as trotting , is a popular sport in Sweden, with significant amounts of money wagered annually. Horse racing in Australia was founded during the early years of settlement and the industry has grown to be among the top three leading Thoroughbred racing nations of the world.
In country racing, records indicate that Goulburn commenced racing in In Australia, the most famous racehorse was Phar Lap bred in New Zealand , who raced from to Phar Lap carried 9 st 12 lb In — the mare Makybe Diva bred in Great Britain became the only racehorse to ever win the Melbourne Cup three times, let alone in consecutive years.
In harness racing , Cane Smoke had wins, including 34 in a single season, Paleface Adios became a household name during the s, while Cardigan Bay , a pacing horse from New Zealand, enjoyed great success at the highest levels of American harness racing in the s. More recently, Blacks A Fake has won four Inter Dominion Championships, making him the only horse to complete this feat in Australasia's premier harness race.
In all endurance events, there are rigorous vet checks, conducted before, during and after the competition, in which the horses' welfare is of the utmost concern. Horse racing is a significant part of the New Zealand economy which in generated 1. More than 40, people were involved in some capacity in the New Zealand racing industry in In , more than one million people attended race meetings in New Zealand.
Racecourses are situated in 59 locations throughout New Zealand. During the —09 racing season 19 New Zealand bred horses won 22 Group One races around the world. The most famous New Zealand standardbred horse is probably Cardigan Bay. The Champ de Mars is situated on a prestigious avenue in Port Louis , the capital city and is the oldest racecourse in the southern hemisphere. The Mauritius Turf Club is the second oldest active turf club in the world. Undeniably, racing is one of the most popular sports in Mauritius now attracting regular crowds of 20, people or more to the only racecourse of the island.
A high level of professionalism has been attained in the organization of races over the last decades preserving the unique electrifying ambiance prevailing on race days at the Champ de Mars. Most of the horses are imported from South Africa but some are also acquired from Australia, the United Kingdom and France. Horse racing is a popular sport in South Africa that can be traced back to The first recorded race club meeting took place five years later in The premier event, which attracts 50, people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicap , which has been run since at Greyville Racecourse.
It is the largest and most prestigious event on the continent, with betting running into the hundreds of millions of Rands. Horse racing in one form or another has been a part of Chinese culture for millennia. Horse racing was a popular pastime for the aristocracy at least by the Zhou Dynasty — 4th century B. General Tian Ji 's strategem for a horse race remains perhaps the best-known story about horse racing in that period.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, horse racing and equestrian sports in China was dominated by Mongol influences. Thoroughbred horse racing came to China with British settlements in the middle s and most notably centered around the treaty ports, including the two major race courses in Shanghai , the Shanghai Racecourse and the International Recreation Grounds in Kiang-wan , and the racecourses of Tianjin.
See below. Horse racing was banned in the Republic of China from , and the People's Republic of China maintained the ban after , although allowances were made for ethnic minority peoples for whom horse sports are a cultural tradition. The longer race led to deaths and injuries to participating horses in both and the 11th National Games in Also, with the entry into the sport of Han majority provinces such as Hubei , which are better funded and used Western, rather than traditional, breeding and training techniques, meant that the original purpose of the event to foster traditional horse racing for groups like the Mongols was at risk of being usurped.
At the National Games, Hubei won both the gold and silver medals, with Inner Mongolia winning bronze. As a result of these factors, the event was abolished for the 12th National Games in Club horse racing reappeared on a small scale in the s. In , the China Speed Horse Race Open in Wuhan was organized as the qualification round for the speed horse race event at the National Games the next year, but was also seen by commentators as a step towards legalizing both horse racing and gambling on the races.
Almost all Chinese trainers and jockeys stabled in Wuhan. However, with the demise of the event at the National Games and the government not relenting from the ban on commercial racing, various racecourses built in recent years are all in a state of disuse: The Nanjing Racecourse, which previously hosted National Games equestrian events, is now used as a car park;  the Beijing Jockey Club was shut down in The racecourse in Inner Mongolia has not been active after Horse racing eventually returned to mainland China on the year as the one-day, five-card event for foreign horses, trainers and jockeys.
The British tradition of horse racing left its mark with the creation of one of the most important entertainment and gambling institutions in Hong Kong. Established as the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club in , the non-profit organization conducts nearly races every season at the two race tracks: in Happy Valley and Sha Tin.
All horses are imported since there is no breeding operation. Off-track betting is available from overseas bookmakers. In the s, the Hong Kong Jockey Club had race meetings for visitors already. Visitors were divided into public and member. The charges for these two types of visitors are different. It donates all its profits to the Hong Kong government, charities and public institutions.
In economic terms, the Hong Kong Jockey Club is an old-fashioned government-protected monopoly; all other forms of gambling are illegal in this industry. Sweepstakes were introduced in Hong Kong during the s. Special Cash Sweeps were at first drawn twice a year, and increased to three times a year later given its popularity.
It carried the highest prize money amongst three types of sweepstakes. The Last Race Sweep commanded higher prize money then Ordinary Cash Sweeps, which were drawn for almost every race and therefore carried the lowest prize money.
Sweepstakes could be purchased either at sweepstakes stations or from sweepstakes vendor throughout Hong Kong. With different number print on each sweepstake, one sweepstake is drawn and assigned, for each horse participating in the race, and the sweepstake attached to the winning horse would win the first prize. Likewise, the number of the first runner-up and second runner-up would win the second and third prize, respectively, with the rest winning consolation prizes.
With introduction of new bet types in horse racing and the launch of Mark Six lottery in the s, the club finally stop selling sweepstakes in Jockey Club of Macau was established for harness racing. It started to conduct horse races in India's first racecourse was set up in Madras in Today India has nine racetracks operated by seven racing authorities. Between them they conduct more than 21, horse races a year. The JRA is responsible for 'Chuo Keiba' meaning 'central horse racing' , taking place on the ten main Japanese tracks.
Racing in Japan is mainly flat racing , but Japan also has jump racing and a sled-pulling race known as Ban'ei also called Draft Racing. Japan's top stakes races are run in the spring, autumn, and winter. In Malaysia , horse racing was introduced during the British colonial era and remains to the present day as a gambling activity.
Within and only within the turf clubs, betting on horse racing is a legal form of gambling. Mongolian horse racing takes place during the Naadam festival. Mongolia does not have Thoroughbred horse racing. Rather, it has its own Mongolian style of horse racing in which the horses run for at least a distance of 25 kilometers. Horse races are held in Pakistan at four clubs.
Horseracing in the Philippines began in The history of Philippine horseracing has three divisions according to the breeds of horses used. They are the Philippine-pony era — , the Arabian-horse era — , and the Thoroughbred-era —present. Horse racing was introduced to Singapore by the British during the colonial era and remained one of the legal forms of gambling after independence.
It remains a highly popular form of entertainment with the local Singaporean community to this day. Horse racing has also left its mark in the naming of roads in Singapore such as Race Course Road in Little India , where horse racing was first held in Singapore, and Turf Club Road in Bukit Timah where Singapore Turf Club used to be situated before moving to its current location in Horse racing in South Korea dates back to May , when a foreign language institute run by the government included a donkey race in its athletic rally.
However, it wasn't until the s that modern horse racing involving betting developed. The nation's first authorised club, the Chosun Racing Club, was established in and a year later, the pari-mutuel betting system was officially adopted for the first time. The Korean War disrupted the development of horse racing in the country, but after the Seoul Olympics in , the Olympic Equestrian Park was converted into racing facilities named Seoul Race Park , which helped the sport to develop again.
The Dubai World Cup is once again the world's richest horse race. The Pegasus World Cup had its purse reduced in to make room for a new turf race. The race track complex contains two tracks with seating for 60,, a hotel, restaurants, theater and museum. There is no parimutuel betting in the UAE as gambling is illegal.
In Argentina the sport is known as turf. Carlos Gardel's tango Por una cabeza is about horse racing, a sport of which he was a known fan. Gardel was a good friend of Irineo Leguisamo , who is the most recognized Argentine jockey. At many horse races, there is a gambling station, where gamblers can stake money on a horse. Where gambling is allowed, most tracks offer parimutuel betting where gamblers' money is pooled and shared proportionally among the winners once a deduction is made from the pool.
In some countries, such as the UK, Ireland, and Australia, an alternative and more popular facility is provided by bookmakers who effectively make a market in odds. This allows the gambler to 'lock in' odds on a horse at a particular time known as 'taking the price' in the UK. Anna Waller, a member of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of North Carolina, co-authored a four-year-long study of jockey injuries and stated to The New York Times that "For every 1, jockeys you have riding [for one year], over will have medically treated injuries.
The study reported 6, injuries during the years — Horses also face dangers in racing. The U. Jockey Club in New York estimates that about horses died at racetracks in Another estimates there are deaths annual in the US. There is speculation that drugs used in horse racing in the United States, which are banned elsewhere, are responsible for the higher death rate in the United States. In the Canadian province of Ontario , a study of 1, racehorse deaths between and found that the majority of deaths were attributable to "damage during exercise to the horses' musculoskeletal system ", including fractures, dislocations, and tendon ruptures.
The study also found that the incidence of off-track deaths were twice as high for thoroughbreds. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Horse race disambiguation. Equestrian sport. Horse racing at Golden Gate Fields , Main articles: National Hunt racing , Steeplechase horse racing , and Hurdling horse race. Main article: Harness racing. Main article: Endurance riding. Further information: Horse breeding.
Main article: Thoroughbred. Main article: Standardbred. Main article: Arabian horse. Main article: American Quarter Horse. See also: Horse racing in the United States. Main article: Horseracing in Great Britain. See also: Horseracing in Scotland and Horseracing in Wales. Main article: Horse racing in Ireland. See also: List of horse races in Italy. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Harness racing in Sweden. Main articles: Thoroughbred racing in Australia and Harness racing in Australia. Main article: Horse racing in India. Main article: Horseracing in Japan. Main article: Horseracing in the Philippines. Main article: Horse racing in South Korea.
Horses portal Sports portal. Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 6 May International Federation of Horse Racing Authorities. Archived from the original on Retrieved Official Horse Picks. Retrieved 12 September Smith, Elder. Fletcher The history of the St. Leger stakes, — The Horse Racing Channel. Archived from the original on 11 July The Hambletonian Society. Harness Racing New Zealand". Guinness World Records. Retrieved September 16, Retrieved 17 September University of Arizona Library, Tucson, Arizona.
August 9, Retrieved July 25, Potter, B. Nielsen, D. Householder, and W. Archived at Wikiwix Publication. Equine Law. Sky News. Retrieved 8 April Retrieved on 15 November Racing Post. Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 26 April Horse: A "Horse" is referred to an ungelded entire male four-years-old or older. Impost: The allocated weight carried by a horse.
In The Money: Finishing in the placings, first, second or third. Judge: The club official who declares the official placing's for each race. Jumper: Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Juvenile: Two-year-old horse. Length: A measurement approximating the length of a horse approx. Long Shot: A Horse that is not expected to win and starts at long odds.
Lug In Out : Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course. Maiden: A horse that has not won a race. Maiden Race: A race for horses who have not won a race. Mare: Female horse four-years-old or older. Market: A list of horses in a race and their respective odds or prices. Morning Line: Approximate odds quoted before betting begins officially for the day.
Mudlark: A horse that races well on rain affected tracks especially in heavy conditions. Mug Punter: A punter that regularly loses his money when betting. Neck: Unit of measurement approximately the length of a horse's neck. Nominations: The list of horses entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose: Smallest margin a horse can win by. Oaks: A stakes event for three-year-old fillies, or females.
Odds: Prices offered by a bookmaker or totalisator. Odds Against: Odds of even money or longer. Odds-On: Odds shorter than even money. On The Nose: Betting a horse to win only. Outlay: The money a punter bets is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money: A horse that finishes worse than third and misses a place. Outsider: A horse that is not expected to win. Overlay: The odds on offer are better than form says they should be. Pacifier: A hooded device with meshed goggles worn by the horses to protect their eyes.
Penalty: A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse. Photo Finish: A close finish where a photo is used to determine the placegetters. Place: Finish in the top three in a race or event in fields of eight or more horses. If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place.
Price: Odds on offer for horses in a race. Protest: When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt: Another term for a bet or wager on a horse.
Punter: Considered to be a Bettor or Investor. Ratings: A numerical figure given to a horse to reflect their chance of winning a particular race after taking a number of form factors into account. Restricted Races: Races which only certain horses are eligible. Return: The dividend you receive on a particular bet. Roughie: A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race.
Shadow Roll Nose Roll : Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow. Shorten Tighten : When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been placed on that horse by punters. Short Price: Low odds where a punter will get a small return for their initial outlay. Sire: Father of a horse. Slow track : A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy. Spell: The resting period between preparations or racing.
Usually three months. Sprint: Short race, less than metres. Stake: Betting amount placed on a horse Stakes: prize money allotted for a horse race and paid to owners and connections. Stakes-Placed: Finished second or third in a stakes race. Stakes Horse: A horse who races predominantly in stakes races. Stallion: A male horse used for breeding.
Starter: 1. Participating horse in a race. The official responsible for starting a race. Stayer: A horse that can race long distances. Steeplechase: A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles. Stewards: The group of people who control the day's racing under the rules of racing.
Stick: A jockey's whip. Stipes: Another term for the Stewards. Or Stipendiary Stewards Strapper: A horse's attendant who assists the trainer and helps care for the horse. Stretch home-Stretch : Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish. Stud: 1. Male horse used for breeding. A breeding farm. Sure Thing: A horse which a punter or tipster believes is unbeatable in a race.
The body appointed to regulate off-course betting. Thoroughbred: Thoroughbred is a breed of horses bred specifically for horse racing. Tipster: A person who makes selections for a race on which horses they believe will win. Top Weight: Horse allocated the most weight in a race - Has the number one saddlecloth. Totalisator Tote : The system of betting on races an automated system that dispenses and records betting tickets, calculates and displays odds and payoffs and provides the mechanism for cashing winning tickets in which the winning bettors share the total amount bet, minus a percentage for the operators of the system, taxes etc.
Track Condition: Condition of the racetrack surface. Fast; good; Dead; Slow; Heavy. Track Record: Fastest time for a distance at a particular track.
Colours: The jacket and cap worn by jockeys, also known as racing silks. Colt: An ungelded entire male horse three-years-old or younger. Correct Weight: Weighed in correct allocated weight before dividends are declared paid.
Dead Heat: A tie. Two or more horses finishing equal in a race. Dead Track: Racing surface which is rain affected and not firm. Deductions: When a horse is scratched from a race after betting on that race has already started, deductions are taken out of the win and place bets at a rate in proportion to the odds of the scratched horse. Derby: A stakes race for three-year-olds. Draw: A horse's starting position in the barrier starting stalls. Entire: An ungelded male horse.
Even Money Bet or Evens : A bet. False Favorite: A horse that is a race favorite despite its lack of credential to win the race. Fast track : Condition of a very dry track where fast times are recorded. Favorite: The horse that is considered to have the best chance of winning the race. Field: All the runners in a race. Filly: Female horse three-years-old or younger. First Up: The first run a horse has in a new racing campaign or preparation. Flat race: Raced on flat track surface rather than over obstacles such as Hurdles.
Form: A statistical study of a horse's previous career race performance. Front-runner: A horse with early gate speed who likes to lead in races. Gate: Another term for barrier, or position a horse will start from. Gelding: A male horse that has been castrated. Going: The condition of the racing surface fast, good, dead, slow or heavy. Good track : Condition of racing surface.
A firm, dry surface. Hand: Four inches. A horse's height is measured in hands and inches from the top of the shoulder withers to the ground. Thoroughbreds typically range from 15 to 17 hands. Handicap: A race for which the track handicapper assigns the weights to be carried. Each horse is allocated a different weight to carry, the theory being all horses then run on a fair and equal basis.
Handicapper: Club official who allocates the weights to be carried in handicap events. Hand and Heels: The jockey urges a horse with hands and legs without using the whip. Head: A winning losing margin between horses in photo finishes. Heavy track : Track conditions that are heavily rain affected. Horse: A "Horse" is referred to an ungelded entire male four-years-old or older.
Impost: The allocated weight carried by a horse. In The Money: Finishing in the placings, first, second or third. Judge: The club official who declares the official placing's for each race. Jumper: Steeplechase or hurdle horse. Juvenile: Two-year-old horse. Length: A measurement approximating the length of a horse approx. Long Shot: A Horse that is not expected to win and starts at long odds. Lug In Out : Action of a tiring horse, bearing in or out, failing to keep a straight course.
Maiden: A horse that has not won a race. Maiden Race: A race for horses who have not won a race. Mare: Female horse four-years-old or older. Market: A list of horses in a race and their respective odds or prices. Morning Line: Approximate odds quoted before betting begins officially for the day. Mudlark: A horse that races well on rain affected tracks especially in heavy conditions. Mug Punter: A punter that regularly loses his money when betting. Neck: Unit of measurement approximately the length of a horse's neck.
Nominations: The list of horses entered by owners and trainers for a race. Nose: Smallest margin a horse can win by. Oaks: A stakes event for three-year-old fillies, or females. Odds: Prices offered by a bookmaker or totalisator. Odds Against: Odds of even money or longer.
Odds-On: Odds shorter than even money. On The Nose: Betting a horse to win only. Outlay: The money a punter bets is called his or her outlay. Out Of The Money: A horse that finishes worse than third and misses a place. Outsider: A horse that is not expected to win. Overlay: The odds on offer are better than form says they should be.
Pacifier: A hooded device with meshed goggles worn by the horses to protect their eyes. Penalty: A weight added to the handicap weight of a horse. Photo Finish: A close finish where a photo is used to determine the placegetters. Place: Finish in the top three in a race or event in fields of eight or more horses. If there are only six or seven runners the horse must finish first or second to place. Price: Odds on offer for horses in a race. Protest: When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race.
If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands. Punt: Another term for a bet or wager on a horse.
Punter: Considered to be a Bettor or Investor. Ratings: A numerical figure given to a horse to reflect their chance of winning a particular race after taking a number of form factors into account. Restricted Races: Races which only certain horses are eligible.
Return: The dividend you receive on a particular bet. Roughie: A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race. Shadow Roll Nose Roll : Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow. You want these, but finding them is often beyond even the most educated gambler. There is always an abundance of mail, the secret is deciphering between the good and bad.
If you know of someone who regularly punts, seek them out as they are likely to have or have sourced good mail. Crucial component. Wet weather racing can turn form on its head and empty pockets quicker than you can open your umbrella. A person who is a deadset horror on the punt. No Robinson Crusoes here. If you hear the racecaller announce that your horse is off the bit before the field enters the home straight, be worried, be very worried.
The term means your horse is being ridden on a loose rein to allow it to gallop freely. It means the horse is producing maximum output and if a long way from the finishing line, could be tiring and in trouble. A horse is pulling is when he or she is over racing. Firstly, over racing means the horse wants to go faster and is fighting against the restraint imposed by the jockey. Pulling will drain the runner of vital strength required at the end of the race. Snapchat, Facebook and Twitter are going to see far more action trackside than the official camera equipment used to determine a winner in a tight contest.
A concentrated flow of bets for a runner, usually in the final minutes before they jump. Middle distance refers to races beyond m and up to m, with staying races anything beyond that range. During a race there can be several incidents that can influence the outcome.
Sometimes connections will lodge an objection to one or more of those. Racetracks officials called stewards then decide based on the evidence whether the result should be overturned. The plastic fence or running rail that horses follow around the racecourse. The rail is often movable to ensure the ground remains as even as possible after wear and tear. The general rule is the further the rail is out, the more the frontrunners are favoured.
Take on trust. The more you see your horse do this the more you will be rewarded. Whenever a horse is scratched it means that the horse was entered to run in a race but for some reason is not able to. This can happen for several reasons, the most common being illness or injury. Late scratchings can occur right up until the gates fly open. Sounds brutal but is a very common.
It is hoped the operation will improve his ability to race by removing unnecessary distractions. Unlucky for some. Not to be confused with one who can handle their drink all day. The topweight or horse carrying the No. You will definitely hear someone address a runner in this manner. Good bit of advice is when in doubt always back the toppy.
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|Sports betting with friends legal||The premier event, which attracts sport betting advice, people to Durban, is the Durban July Handicapwhich has been run since at Greyville Racecourse. Wet weather racing can turn form on its head and empty pockets quicker than you can open your umbrella. University of Arizona Library, Tucson, Arizona. Can end in tears and usually does. Forget the bathroom scales, this is far more important.|
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In soccer, players can bet on a match ending as low as or as high as plus all scores in between. The most likely result is the favorite and the least likely result is the underdog. New England winning over Miami means the Patriots would cover a point spread. Dog: Short for underdog, a dog is perceived as the least likely side to win and is tagged with plus pricing. Bettors often double their bet when they feel one side is vastly superior to another.
Double result: A single betting option that combines the score of a game at halftime and the score at the end of the same game. Double-header: Two games that are played back-to-back on the same day. Most common in baseball, a double-header will often take place if a game from the previous day was rained out. Draw: Any contest where the final score ends in a tie.
In most instances, a draw is graded as a PUSH and original bet amounts are returned. Drift: Betting odds that grow longer after the opening line is posted. Each-way: Common in horse racing, each-way betting takes a single amount and splits it on a horse to finish first or second. Both bets pay if the horse finishes first while just one bet pays if the horse finishes second. The return on a first place win is always higher than the return on a second place win.
Edge: Gaining an advantage through extensive research or having insights that are not publicly known. Even money: Odds that return the exact amount of the original bet. Exotic Bet: Betting options beyond point spreads, moneylines and game totals. Proposition bets, specials and parlays are the most common types of exotic bets. Exposure: Amount of money a bettor or bookmaker stands to lose on any given wager. Favorite: Any side priced with a negative number.
Two Final Four games are played prior to the National Championship game. First half bet: A wager that focused on the result of the first half in sports like basketball, soccer and football. The most popular first half betting odds are spread, moneyline and game total options. A variety of team and player props are also offered as first half bets.
Fixed odds : When a wager is placed, and a bookmaker accepts it, the line becomes fixed odds. Also a term for moneyline odds. French Open : Second of four women's and men's Grand Slam tennis tournaments that are played over two weeks in late May and early June. Futures bet : A wager placed on an event that will take place in the near or distant future. Futures are also offered in soccer, major horse races, plus golf and tennis tournaments.
If a baseball game total is set at 7. Graded Bet: A wager that bookmakers officially mark as a winner, a loser, or a push, once a competition has ended. Winnings, or push refunds, are paid out after a bet has been graded. If there are seven games on the NFL schedule, the line may be set at Half ball handicap: Soccer betting odds where 0. Half time bet : Wagers placed on the outcome of just the second half of a competition. Half time bets can be placed during intermission or as live wagers once the second half begins.
Handicap: Betting odds set by a bookmaker that are designed to level the playing field. New Orleans may have a If the Saints win by eight or more points - they cover the handicap and produce winning wagers. Handicapper: A bettor who researches matchups and then places a bet.
Also applies to tipsters who publish predictions on various sporting events. Handle: Total amount of money a bookmaker accepts on a single game or event. Hedge : Most common with parlay betting and as a risk management tool. Hedging a bet consists of betting on the opposite side of an original wager to set up a guaranteed return.
A hedge bet may also be placed to reduce the initial risk on a potential losing wager. Home field advantage: The perceived benefit a team gains when playing in familiar settings at their home stadium. Hook : A half point added to point spreads and game total odds.
A hook guarantees a wager will not be graded as a push. One side will win and one side will lose. If bet: A member of the parlay family, an If Bet consists of two or more wagers. In play betting: Wagers placed after an event after it has started. Also known as LIVE betting, bookmakers post multiple in-play betting options throughout most major sporting events.
Joint favorite: Two or more sides posted with the same betting odds on the same event. Juice : Also known as vigorish, juice is set by bookmakers and is attached to spread and total betting options. If Minnesota Kentucky Derby: First jewel in the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing. Laying points : Betting on a favorite.
A wager on Dallas, as a The Cowboys need to win by at least points to cash a winning ticket. Layoff: Used by bookmakers and players to reduce risk on a certain market. Parlay bettors may have an option to place a layoff wager on both sides of the last open bet on a ticket to set up a guaranteed profit. Limit: Bookmakers set various high and low wagering limits that vary by sport and betting options.
As part of a proper bankroll management system, players should set and follow personal betting limits. Line: Betting odds posted by a bookmaker. Linemaker: Same as a bookmaker, a person or group that sets daily betting lines and prices.
Listed pitchers: Appear with daily baseball betting odds. Live betting : Also known as in-play wagering, live betting is offered once a sporting event begins. Spreads, moneylines and totals are adjusted and re-posted as a match plays out. Prop options, like next goalscorer and correct final score, are also available. Lock: Term often used by tipsters to tempt bettors into buying handicapping advice.
Death and taxes are the only true locks in life. Longshot: A perceived inferior side that is also known as an underdog. Longshot prices are always displayed as positive prices. Masters Tournament: First of four major Grand Slam golf tournaments.
Middle : Cashing tickets on both sides of a betting option. Bettors have an opportunity to middle when a point spread moves up or down prior to a match. The MLB draft is five rounds and most of the players selected will be assigned to minor league teams.
Moneyline : A straight up bet, without any point spread, where bettors need to predict the outright winner. Multiple bets: Same as parlay, multiple bets are a single wager that consists of at least two sides on a single ticket. All sides must win or push to cash winning multiple bets.
MVP: Player honored as most valuable to their team during the regular season or playoffs. Wagering on who will be named the Most Valuable Player is a popular futures betting option in professional sports. Nap: Similar to a lock, a nap is a handicappers suggested best bet on a daily betting card.
No action: Betting options cancelled by a bookmaker are graded as no action. Original stakes are returned to bettors. Novelty bets: Prop and special betting options that are wagers beyond standard moneyline, point spread and game total odds.
Team and player propositions are the most common novelty bets. Odds: Betting lines set by a bookmaker on a variety of events. Oddsmaker: Same as a linemaker, a person or group that sets daily betting lines and prices. Odds on favorite: One side that is viewed as far superior to the other and is priced with odds that offer very little value.
Odds shopping: Reviewing the lines at a variety of sportsbooks in order to find the best priced odds. An injury to a star player may cause bookmakers to pull odds off the board. Outright betting: Predicting the overall winner of a tournament or playoff competition. Over bet: Opposite of an Under bet on game total options. Bettors need to determine if the combined scores of both teams will go over or remain under the number.
Also known as game total odds. Parlay : A single bet, also known as an accumulator or multiple, that consists of two or more sides. Each side must win to produce a winning ticket. Parlay banker: Forming the base of a parlay wager, a banker is a favorite side to which other sides are added.
Payout: The amount a bettor collects on a winning wager. When a wager is placed, the possible payout on a betting receipt usually includes the original stake. Held in late May at various courses across the United States. Point spread : Odds posted on a match that are designed to level the playing field.
Favorites are listed with a negative Post time: Scheduled start time of a race. Power rankings: A ranking system that uses a variety of criteria to grade teams, in a specific league, from the best to worst. Preakness Stakes: Second jewel in the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing. Proposition bet: Often shortened to prop bet, proposition bets are exotic or special wagers that are offered on most sporting events.
NFL Super Bowl prop betting options number in the hundreds. Proxy : A proxy is an individual, or a group of individuals, who place bets for other people. The term is most commonly associated with people who submit picks for non-Las Vegas residents that are involved in season-long sports pools like the Westgate Las Vegas SuperContest. Puck line: Point spread pricing in hockey. Prior to a match, the favorite is normally posted at Push: Any wager where the final result is a tie.
If a basketball spread is 11 points and the final score is spread bets on both teams are graded as a push and original stakes are returned. Quarter Bet : Any wager placed prior to or during any quarter of a sporting event. Prior to an NBA game, Boston may be a LIVE betting odds will change often as the first 12 minutes of the match play out.
Recreational Bettor: A player that bets infrequently or on major sporting events only. Rec player bets are counted as public money. Opposite of a sharp or professional bettor. Rotation Number: A number assigned by bookmakers to every betting option on the board.
Bettors use the rotation number when placing a bet, rather than team names, at betting windows at land based sportsbooks. ROY: Honors the top first year player in most professional sports leagues. Wagering on which player will be named the Rookie of the Year ROY is a popular futures betting option. Run Line: Point spread pricing in baseball. Prior to a game the favorite is normally posted at Second half bet: Any wager that focuses on the outcome of the second half of any competition.
Bettors can place wagers before the second half begins or make live bets once the match resumes. Selke Trophy: Awarded to a forward not a defenseman or goaltender with the best defensive skills during the NHL regular season. All In: A bet taken usually at fixed odds early in betting. Also Ran: A horse who finishes out of the money. Apprentice Claim: Weight concession to an apprentice rider. Apprentice Rider: Normally under contract to a stable, learning to ride. Backed Off The Map: A runner heavily backed in betting.
Bagman: Bookmakers personel responsible for settling up on bets at racecourses. Barriers: The starting gates. Bleeder: When a horse bleeds from the lungs during or after running. Broken Down: When a horse suffered an injury; lameness. Checked: A horse which receives some type of interference. Class: The grade of the race.
Colt: A male horse 3 years and under and has not been gelded. Correct Weight: Placings in a race are official. Daily Double: Select the winner in two races. Dam: Female parent of a foal. Dead Heat: Two or more horses finishing in an exact tie at the finish line. Dead Track: Racing surface lacking resiliency, just on the softer side of Good. Derby: A stakes race for 3YO's.
Distanced: Well beaten, finishing a great distance behind the winner. Dwelt: Tardy in breaking from the gate. Each way: Have equal amount of money on the horse for a win and for a place. Eased: The horse is backed off usually to find position in the race. Eligible: Qualified to start in a race, according to conditions. Exacta: Select the first two horses in a race in the finishing order. Extended: Running at top speed. False Favourite: A horse that is favourite for the race but you consider another selection should be favourite Farrier: A specialist in equine hoof care a blacksmith.
Fast: The firmest track rating. Field: The horses in the race. Filly: In most cases a filly is a female horse 3 YO's or under. Flat Race: Contested on level ground, not a hurdle race or steeplechase. Front Runner: A horse who usually leads the field for as far as he can.
Furlong: Approx metres. Gallop: A fast canter. Gelding: Castrated male horse of any age. Good Track: Condition between fast and slow. Grew Another Leg: The runner suddenly improved during the race. There are four types of Black Type races: Group 1 the highest , Group 2, Group 3 and Listed Group 4 Handicap Race: for which a handicapper assigns weights to be carried.
Head: Margin between runners. Heavy Track: Next level up from slow. A rain affected track. Hoop: Another name for a Jockey. Impost: The weight to be carried by the horse for a race. In Foal: Pregnant mare. In The Money - The horse finished a race winning some prize money. In The Red: Odds in the bookmakers ring are very short, less than evens. Knuckled: The horse almost fell on its knees or stumbled.
Lame: Pain in limbs causing deviation in normal running. Length: A horses length from nose to tail. Long Shot: A runner being at long odds and is unlikely to win. Maiden: A horse who has not won a race. Maiden Race: A race for non winners. Mare: Adult female horse 4YO's or older. Middle Distance: Approx metre races.
Monkey: Five Hundred Dollars. Usually a casino chip. Moral: An absolute certainty to win the race. Mudlark: A horse that excels on wet tracks. Near side : Left side of a horse. Neck: Margin between horses, about the length of a horses neck.
Nose: The smallest measuring margin between runners. Odds On: Odds of less than even money. Off Side: Right side of horse. On The Nod: A person betting with a bookmaker on credit. On The Nose: To back a horse for the win only. Pig-Root: The horse bucks and tries to throw the jockey.
Plunge: In the bookmakers ring, a sudden rush of money for a particular horse. Pulled Up: To stop or slow a horse during the race. Punter: Person placing a wager. Quadrella: Select the winner of 4 pre nominated races on the card. Quinella: Select the first two horses in a race in any order. Rails: The prime position in the bookmakers ring. Ridden Out: A runner that finishes the race under average urging by the rider. Roughie: A horse at a long price in the ring with little chance of winning.
Running Double: Select the winner in two consecutive races. Saddle Cloth: Cloth under the saddle displaying the horses number. Scratched: To be taken out of the race. Second Up: Next run after a first up run, following spell of 90 days or more. Silks: Jacket and Cap worn by jockeys to identify themselves. Sire: The male parent. Slow: Rain affected track. Better than heavy.
SP Bookmaker: An illegal bookie, a person that takes bets without a licence. Spell: A horse that has had a break from racing for 90 days or more Stallion: A male horse for breeding. Stayer: A horse that races in long distance races, eg. Stewards: Racing officials responsible for enforcing the rules of racing. Straight Six: Select the winner of six consecutive pre nominated races.
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